Watch the clip from the video, “Brigham Young" and discuss the covenants the pioneers made and how keeping these same covenants today will help us to be "Pure in Heart." Build and load a covered wagon, while learning how the pioneers sacrificed to help all of the saints journey to Zion. Experience the sweetness of making and pulling "Dutch Oven Vinegar Taffy," just like the pioneers did to help lift their spirits along the trail.
If you wish to print sheet music or have an online music file to accompany you click on the song link to visit: http://www.lds.org/churchmusic
Doctrine &Covenants 136:2, 4
2. Let all the people of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and those who journey with them, be organized into companies, with a covenant and promise to keep all the commandments and statutes of the Lord our God.
4. And this shall be our covenant—that we will walk in all the ordinances of the Lord.
Watch chapter 22 from The Modern Prophets, Brigham Young DVD or CLICK FOR CLIP
For younger children, it may be helpful to summarize the following ideas:
Why did Brigham Young lead the Saints to the Salt Lake Valley? (So they [the Lord’s covenant people] could build Zion.)
“Wherefore, seek not the things of this world but seek ye first to build up the kingdom of God [or Zion], and to establish his righteousness, and all these things shall be added unto you.” Joseph Smith Translation, Matt. 6:38
This is the right place.
On July 24, 1847 upon entering the Salt Lake Valley, Brigham Young declared “This is the right place.”
How did Brigham Young know that the Salt Lake Valley was the right place to build Zion? (He had seen it in a vision.)
What is Zion? (The place where God lives and is worshipped on earth. Zion is often referred to as the Lord’s people [the pure in heart] or as the Church and its stakes.)
Amanda and her three small children huddled under the torn feather bed in their small cabin on the outskirts of Nauvoo. The mob had ransacked the cabin earlier that evening, while the widow and her children had hid in the cornfield. After it was dark, they had crawled back into the cabin to their present hiding spot.
“Shh, shh. Don’t cry little ones,” she soothingly whispered to try and calm her frightened children, “It’s
going to be okay! The Lord will send help.”
One by one the children stopped their whimpers and fell asleep as Amanda lied next to them praying for help to come. Seven-year-old Jonathan awakened just as the first signs of light crept through the cabin windows.
“Has help come yet, Mama?”
“Not yet, Johnny. But it will!”
Just then Amanda heard footsteps outside the cabin. She placed her hand gently over Jonathan’s mouth and whispered in his ear, “Shh. There’s someone coming.”
The door of the cabin pushed open and they heard men’s voices, “Looks like no ones here. I pray Sister Morley and her children made it out of here safe!”
Amanda pushed the feather bed off of her and the children. “Oh, I knew you would come. I just knew the Lord would send help!” she cried with relief.
Amanda held Jonathan’s hand as they followed the men carrying the two younger children to the wagon. A third man shuffled through the contents of the cabin before exiting with a quilt in his arms. “I’m afraid about all that’s left of your belongings is this quilt, Ma’am!” he solemnly said.
Tears burned Amanda’s cheeks as she took the precious quilt. “It was a wedding gift to my John. The first quilt I ever made completely by myself,” she said, clenching the quilt to her trembling body. She missed John terribly. “How could she and her children possibly go to Zion, now!” she thought to herself.
Some of the sisters in town helped Amanda and the children get settled into one of the homes that had been abandoned when the first group of Saints had left Nauvoo. “We’ll be here a few more days, Amanda. If you need anything else before then, just send Jonathan over.”
Amanda closed the door after thanking the women for their generosity and then knelt down to thank the Lord for sparing their lives and sending the help she had so fervently prayed for. “Father, are we to be left behind?” she asked.
Amanda heard the voice clearly; “You will gather your family to Zion.”
With added strength and determination Amanda rose from her knees and looked toward the small desk that stood by itself in the abandoned home.
Finding a piece of parchment paper and a quill pen, she sat down and wrote a letter to President Brigham Young. “How shall I gather?” she asked.
As the days passed, Saints left Nauvoo in droves and still Amanda had no word from President Young, but she didn’t get discouraged. She knew the Lord would provide a way for her and her children to join them. Meanwhile she busied herself, helping other families prepare for their journey west. “You must let us pay you Amanda!” Sister Gheen pleaded.
“I surely hope you’re not trying to keep me from receiving the Lord’s blessings!” Amanda answered with a chuckle.
“Hush now! You have barely enough as it is for your own family!” Pleaded Amanda.
The two women embraced before Brother Gheen helped his wife into the wagon. Sister Gheen couldn’t keep the tears from streaming down her face as she watched the brave young widow, waving her
good-byes, until they were out of sight.
The next morning Amanda awoke to a fervent knocking on the door. “Amanda, Amanda. Wake up!”
Amanda rushed down the stairs and opened the door to find Sister Gheen’s arms embracing her. “He sent us back to get you!” she exclaimed in racking sobs.
“Who? Who sent you?” Amanda asked.
“President Young!” Sister Gheen continued to sob. “He said, ‘Go to Nauvoo and bring Sister Gilbert and Sister Morley and all the Saints back!’ We have a wagon for you and Sister Murphy to share.”
Amanda’s eyes were swimming with tears of joy.
“Mama. How come you’re crying?”
Surprised, Amanda looked down to find her three little ones, awake, and standing next to her. Amanda knelt down and gathered them into her arms.
“Because I’m so happy!
The children looked bewildered.
“These are ‘happy’ tears,” she explained. “The Lord has provided! We’re going to Zion!”
Combine all ingredients, except vanilla, in a 2 quart Dutch oven (or 2 quart heavy sauce pan).
Cook over low heat, stirring gently, until sugar dissolves (about 7 minutes).
Cover and cook over medium heat 3 minutes.
Uncover and Using pastry brush from hot water bath, wash down small segment of side of pot to remove any sugar crystals. Do not scrape sides of pan.
Continue to cook over medium heat, without stirring until mixture reaches soft crack stage (when a drop of boiling syrup immersed in cold water separates into hard though pliable threads); 270 degrees F.; about 25 minutes.
Remove from heat. Stir in vanilla. Pour candy onto a buttered jelly roll pan or marble slab. Let cool
to touch (about 10 minutes).
Note:For a soft taffy cook to a hard ball stage (when a drop of boiling syrup immersed in cold water forms a rigid ball. Though the ball is hard, it will still be somewhat pliable); 260 degrees F.
2 1/2 cups sugar
1/2 cup water
1/4 cup vinegar
1 Tbls. butter
1/8 tsp. salt
2 tsp. real vanilla extract
Treat Time: Butter hands, and pull candy until light in color and difficult to pull. Twist and pull into ropes about 1 inch in diameter. Cut into 1 inch pieces. Wrap each piece in wax paper.
(Taffy was a special sweet treat for the pioneers. It takes only a few basic ingredients, it is fun to make and a small piece lasts a long time when you let it slowly dissolve in your mouth.)
Younger children will need help from an older sibling or parent.
1. Explain: When the Saints were preparing to leave Nauvoo, George A. Smith asked those who were
attending the October conference in the Nauvoo Temple to help the poor to move. He reinstituted the Missouri Covenant when he said: “When we were to leave Missouri the saints entered into a covenant not to cease their exertions until every saint who wished to go was removed, which was done.” History of the Church, 7:443. He then said they should make a similar covenant. After everyone agreed, Brigham
Young promised: “If you will be faithful to your covenant, I will now prophesy that the great God will shower down means upon this people, to accomplish it [the resolution] to the very letter.” History of the Church, 7:465.
2. Display the “empty” covered wagon. Explain that you are going to pretend you are pioneers and have made a Covenant to help the poor. The church has donated this wagon to a poor family and we have volunteered to load it with provisions so they can migrate to Zion? (Tape the provisions to the wagon as you answer. Discuss what was necessity and what had to be left behind. As you load the wagon ask questions like: “The pioneers couldn’t stop at the store along the trail. How did they get fresh eggs?”
3. Explain that most of the pioneers didn’t even have this many provisions and as they traveled west their supplies and rations dwindled to almost nothing.
4. Explain that as members of the Church today, we have also made a covenant to help the poor. Discuss ways you can keep this covenant and become “pure in heart.”
What you need:
A copy of the of the “A Covenant Wagon” activity, scissors, tape, wooden skewer cut into (2) 4 1/2 inch lengths for axles, card stock, glue, and a small strand of yarn to tie cow to wagon.
1. Print out the “A Covenant Wagon" activity. 2. Glue card stock to the back of the wagon box, wheels, and to half of the wagon seat.
3. Cut out all parts. (Set provisions aside after gluing the cow body together, leaving legs free.)
4. Glue the wheels together. Glue the seat together with the card stock in the middle.
5. Cut out the dots on wagon box, along dotted lines & across the “X” on wheels.
6. Fold dark brown solid lines inward–towards center.
7. Fold solid tan lines outward–away from center.
8. Slide tabs in front together and tabs in back together. Tape to hold.
9. Poke wooden skewers through “X” on 1st wheel, through dots on wagon box, and then through 2nd wheel. Repeat for wheel 3 & 4.
10. Make wagon tongue by folding lines inward & then in half to form a “V” shape. Slide into dotted lines at the front of the box (that have been cut). Tape to hold.
11. Make canvas top by cutting along dotted line, folding tabs inward toward brown bows & then gently rolling (with bows inside) & sliding into wagon box.
12. Make seat by folding along solid black lines. Tape in the front of the wagon.
1. Watch chapter 22 from The Modern Prophets, Brigham Young DVD. (Video clip is also provided for viewing online.)
2. Read: D&C 136: 2, 4
“Let all the people of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and those who journey with them, be organized into companies, with a covenant and promise to keep all the commandments and statutes of the Lord our God...And this shall be our covenant—that we will walk in all the ordinances of the Lord.”
3. Why did Brigham Young lead the Saints to the Salt Lake Valley? (So they [the Lord’s covenant people] could build Zion.)